Vines & Groundcovers



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Vines

                                                 

Actinidia kolomikta 'Artic Beauty'
'Artic Beauty' Kiwi
- This extremely hardy, yet little known ornamental kiwi, does not offer fruit but becomes a garden show stopper in its 2nd year. The leaves will then begin to show a variegation that begins as pink, turns to white through the center of the leaf and then a deep dark green at the base.


Akebia quinata
Akebia
- Akebia is a twining, nearly evergreen vine with dark, blue-green foliage that offers up fragrant chocolate-purple flowers in May, followed by 4" violet fruits in fall. This is the vine that covers the arbor at the entrance to the J.C. Raulston Arboretum.


Akebia quinata 'Variegata'
Variegated Akebia
- A stunning cream yellow marbled variegation makes this one of the most impressive variegated vines around.


Aster carolinianus
Climbing Aster
- Soft fuzzy gray foliage of this spectacular aster scrambles easily over fences or up a trellis. Then, in October, this beauty explodes into bloom with an array of 1"-2" spidery lavender flowers with yellow centers that seem to smother the plant. I am writing this description on November 9, and this aster continues to be a showstopper even though we've had several frosts and night time freezes. Unbelievable!


Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine
- Burgundy trumpet-shaped blooms with yellowish-orange inside are the hallmark of the crossvine in spring and again in fall. h Distinctive evergreen foliage makes this beautiful native vine one of my favorites.


Bignonia capreolata 'Tangerine Beauty'
'Tangerine Beauty' Crossvine
- This striking evergreen vine is a native, selected for superior color and heavy bloom. Lost from horticulture earlier this century, a specialty nursery rediscovered it and shared it with the NCSU Arboretum for promotion and reintroduction.


Celastrus scandens
Bittersweet
- This rapid grower is popular for its showy orange-red berries on female plants in autumn. Excellent for arrangements and holiday decorations. Plants are highly adaptable and vigorous. Both sexes are required for fruiting.


Clematis alpina 'Constance'
Alpine Clematis
- This early season bloomer has delicious deep pink flowers in a non-traditional form. Flowers heavily with a multitude of tubular-shaped blossoms in early spring and then again later in the season.


Clematis armandii
Evergreen Clematis
- This vigorous evergreen scrambler has large, glossy green leaves that are beautiful without the benefit of the blooms. Clusters of 2" fragrant white flowers in spring are an added attraction to an already lovely vine.


Clematis armandii 'Apple Blossom'
'Apple Blossom' Evergreen Clematis
- The pink tinted blooms of this version of the evergreen clematis are especially attractive against the narrow dark green of the leaves. New foliage is a showy bronze color. Foliage will take less winter burn if plant is located in partial shade.


Clematis x 'Hagley Hybrid'
Hagley Hybrid Clematis
- This free flowering hybrid clematis has 5-6" shell pink flowers with ruffled edges and reddish anthers.It blooms heavily in June and then again in September. This clematis blooms on new growth and may be pruned to the ground in winter.


Clematis x 'Rouge Cardinal'
Crimson Hybrid Clematis
- Deep crimson flowers with lighter red highlights make this show stopper a must have. Rich velvety flowers are huge and bloom period extends from June throughout the summer.


Clematis x jackmanii
Jackmanii Clematis
- This is the most profuse bloomer of all of the deep purple clematis. It will offer blooms in June, July and September on the year's new growth. Because it only blooms on new growth, the vine can be cut back each year and allowed to completely rejuvenate in spring. We feel that this is one of the most reliable of the clematis.


Decumaria barbara 'Chattooga'
'Chattooga' Woodvamp
- This decumaria cultivar was found along the Chattooga River and has proven slightly more evergreen than the species. Often called a "climbing hydrangea", it too climbs well and offers creamy-white flower clusters. Also, beautiful as a ground cover. Blooms on new wood.


Fatshedera lizei 'Angyo Star'

Fatshedra 'Angyo Star'


Gelsemium rankinii
Swamp Jessamine
- A native evergreen vine introduced by J. C. Raulston, Swamp Jessamine blooms prolifically in March & April and again in October & November. Many times because of our mild winters, she will bloom sporadically throughout the entire winter. Flowers are small, bright yellow and tubular in form. Needs full sun for best bloom.


Hedera canariensis
Algerian Ivy
- This handsome fast growing ivy has beautiful burgundy stems that stand out against the rich deep green leaves. Makes an excellent ground cover or climber and spreads well once established. Intense winter burn occurred on the plant in the nursery, but it has rejuvenated and is already thicker than ever.


Heteropter glabra
Redwing
- The beautiful deep green foliage of this vine is set off by tips of red new growth. It climbs without tendrils, has yellow blooms and red maple-like fruit in fall. From Mexico, we think this plant will survive in protected spots in our area, but have yet to find complete zone information.


Humulus lupulus 'Cascade'
Cascade Hops
- CASCADE: 6-7% AA

One of our most popular hops. Mild aroma, defines the American pale ale. Parentage: Fuggle & Russian Serebrianker hop. Spicy, floral, citrus. (Substitute: Centennial)


Hydrangea anomala petiolaris
Climbing Hydrangea
- The climbing hydrangea can climb almost anything from rock to brick wall to a telephone pole. Lovely white blooms are flat-topped clusters of showy outer flowers and inconspicuous inner flowers. Exfoliating bark adds winter interest. Prefers part shade in areas with long hot summers, but we have seen this plant grown happily in full sun…!


Jasminium beesianum
Climbing Pink Jasmine
- The only species of jasmine that is pink, given a trellis, this plant makes a great climber. Fragrant rose-red tubular flowers in abundance.


Lonicera japonica 'Aureoreticulata'
Variegated Honeysuckle
- A vigorous, twining climber, the dark nearly green foliage of this honeysuckle is attractively veined with yellow. White 1 1/2" flowers are tubular and fragrant throughout summer, followed by blue-black berries.


Lonicera sempervirens 'Blanche Sandman'
Blanche Sandman Honeysuckle
- This is a super selection of the native woodbine that grows rapidly and almost continually produces orange-red tubular blooms produced in a 3-4 whorled spike. This form offers good resistance to some of the common leaf diseases and isn't invasive like the more common Japanese variety. Great for hummingbirds.


Lonicera sempervirens 'John Clayton'
John Clayton Honeysuckle
- An excellent choice for nearly continuous yellow tubular flowers on a compact growing version of the native woodbine. This form also offers excellent red fruit production after flowering for ongoing seasonal interest.


Lonicera x italica 'Harlequin'
Harlequin Honeysuckle
- Wonderfully variegated cream and pink foliage perfectly enhances the fragrant yellow and pink flowers on this compact ne honeysuckle. May prune into shrub form or train on trellis or a wall. Georgeous against red brick!


Millettia reticulata
Evergreen Wisteria
- Millettia is a twining, semi-evergreen vine with compound glossy leaves. Terminal racemes of purple pea-shaped blooms in summer are reminescent of wisteria, but this plant is a different genus and species.


Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Boston Ivy or Woodbine
- Vigorous shiny leaves of this climber are bright green in summer and offer a mix of wine, red and orange in autumn. Excellent tough low maintenance cover against walls, stone or trellises.


Schizophragma hydrangeoides
'Moonlight'
- This Japanese hydrangea vine has foliage that glows with a blue hue as a backdrop for its soft white flower clusters. More tolerant of hot, wet summers than the regular climbing hydrangea, 'Moonlight' is a great choice for a vine in a partially shaded area.


Stauntonia hexaphylla
Stauntonia
- This splendid, compound leafed, evergreen Akebia relative has attractive large white blooms in racemes in spring and then sporadically through summer. A new plant for our area, we aren't sure that it will remain evergreen here…


Trachelospermum jasminoides 'Madison'
'Madison' Confederate Jasmine
- This twining evergreen vine has lustrous dark green leaves and fragrant 1" diameter, 5 petaled, cream white flowers. Undersides of leaves vary from the species in that they are covered with soft fine hairs. 'Madison' is considered by some to be a full zone more cold hardy than the species and offers our best chance to enjoy the beauty and fragrance of this Southern favorite in our area.


Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'
Amethyst Falls Wisteria
- Amethyst Falls American Wisteria produces beautiful, fragrant, lavender-blue flowers and is a prolific bloomer. Will begin blooming even as a small 12" vine! The American Wisterias are much less invasive than the Asian varieties, but no less vigorous in growth rate or attractiveness.


Wisteria macrostachys 'Clara Mack'
Clara Mack Wisteria
- Incredible white flowering form of Kentucky Wisteria that was introduced by Woodlanders in S.C. Racemes of flowers are incredibly long (up to 12") on one of the hardiest of all wisteria vines. Is not considered invasive like the Asian counterparts.



Groundcovers



Ajuga reptans 'Bronze Beauty'
'Bronze Beauty' Ajuga
- This fast-growing evergreen groundcover is great for erosion control in small areas. The glossy bronze foliage will also fill in small spaces where little else will grow. Sports 5" spikes of purple blooms in spring. Can tolerate some foot traffic.


Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'
'Burgundy Glow' Ajuga
- The variegated foliage of burgundy creamy white and green make this spreading low-grower a good choice as a groundcover in a dark area that needs a light contrast. 5" blue-purple flower spikes in spring offer another dash of color. Does well in nearly any soil.


Ajuga reptans 'Silver Carpet'
'Silver Carpet' Ajuga
- This type of spreading evergreen ajuga rapidly forms a dense mat of metallic silvery foliage. It sports 3" spikes of blue flowers in spring and grows well in almost any soil type.

Ajuga reptans Catlin's Giant


Catlin's Giant Ajuga
- Wow, Ajuga on steroids. Great in mixed containers for a bronzy fall look, the spikes of bllue flowers will be up to 8" long in spring, and this terrific ground cover fills an area rapidly. Keep watered if planted in a full sun area.

Ajuga x 'Metallica Crispa'


Metallica Crispa Ajuga
- This form of ajuga is much slower-growing than its common bugleweed cousin. 'Metallica Crispa' seems to benefit from knocking the afternoon sun off of the plant.This 2" fellow slowly spreads and offers blue-violet flowers close to the foliage in spring.


Ardisia japonica
Japanese Ardisia
- 12" -15" in height, this evergreen groundcover can spread 36" and sports star-shaped white blooms and bright red berries. Many times it takes two years before it will remain evergreen.


Ardisia japonica 'Hinadi'
Hinadi Variegated Ardisia
- A lovely specimen groundcover for partly-shaded to shaded areas, this form of variegated ardisia spreads by rhizome untder the soil. It is sometimes killed back by cold winters (below 15 degrees) but will resprout from the roots. The wide band of gold in the center of each leaf brightens any area around the base of hydrangeas or other shade loving shrubs.White star-shaped flowers are followed by brilliant red berries in fall.


Asarum splendens
Wild Ginger
- This beautiful large leaf ginger from China makes a stunning groundcover with bold dark green leaves heavily mottled with silver. The rhizome is vigorous and spreads fairly quickly in shaded areas. Flowers are a deep purple about 2" across and like other gingers, may be found nestled at the base of the plant. Evergreen to about 10 degrees.

Aspidistra elatior


Cast Iron Plant
- Striking bold foliage is terrific for its' evergreen characteristic in the woodland garden. Each leaf emerges singly from the underground rhizomes. Cut back in spring if damaged by winter weather.


Ceratostigma plumbaginoides
Plumbago
- Plumbago is overlooked in the landscape until the brilliant blue flowers begin to open in mid-to-late summer on this creeping groundcover. In fall, the leaves turn a super scarlet red color before the plant goes dormant. Our plants are performing well in a spot that receives 1/2 day sun and good drainage.


Delosperma cooperi
Hardy Ice Plant
- Spreading, succulent blue-green foliage makes a terrific groundcover in sunny hot spots. Electric hot pink blooms occur continuously throughout the summer. Prefers good drainage.


Delosperma nubigenum
Hardy Ice Plant
- Bright green succulent foliage spreads slowly.Great for the rock garden, this variety sports bright yellow blooms and provides color in hot dry areas where other plants may struggle.Foliage turns a beautiful burgundy/wine shade in winter.

Dendranthema zawadskii 'Yezoense'


'Yezoense' Chrysanthemum
- NEW! NEW! NEW! This free-flowering daisy-style mum not only performs as a spreading, evergreen groundcover, but offers large white to white with purple tinged flowers in late summer and fall. Full sun promotes flowering for this garden beauty that provides fragrance and a terrific flower for cutting.


Euonymus fortunei 'Harlequin'
Harlequin Euonymus
- This unique creeper sports dense mottled dark green and ivory foliage. In fall and winter, it may acquire a pinkish-red tinge. A slow grower, it will create a solid mat of foliage to lighten an area in dense shade or provide contrast in any garden. Prune off any tip dieback in spring to enhance fullness.


Euonymus fortunei var. coloratus
Purple-leaf Wintercreeper
- This vigorous ground-cover is highly adaptable to nearly any landscape. Lustrous dark green leaves develp plum-purple tones in the winter. Plant is super for banks and difficult to manage areas.


Fragaria vesca 'Lipstick'
'Lipstick' Strawberry
- This bright charmer is a vigorous groundcover that sports cherry-red flowers and a sprinkling of tiny strawberries all summer. It performs well in a "strawberry pot" and will easily cascade down around it.


Galium odoratum
Sweet Woodruff
- The whorled leaves of this woodland groundcover make a dense creeping mat in shaded areas that can reach approximately 1' in height. Drying the leaves intensifies the fragrance, and they are then used to make "May Wine." They are also included in potpourris and herbal sleep pillows.


Galium verum
Lady's Bedstraw
- A wonderful ground cover for shady areas, Lady's bedstraw has creeping stems and fine lacy foliage that was once used for stuffing mattresses for ladies of all classes. This herb is also said to have been used by Mary to line the manger. Roots may be used to create a red dye. Will tolerate dry conditions but not continuously wet ones.


Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
- Leaves of this low-growing evergreen ground cover turn red with the onset of winter. Flowers are sporadic from May through September and are followed by scarlet berries from which oil of wintergreen may be extracted. Crushed foliage is also fragrant. Prefers well-drained shaded areas.


Laurentia fluviatilis
Blue Stars
- This attractive 1 1/2" groundcover creeps slowly and makes the perfect filler between stepping stones in the shade. Foliage is nearly hidden by tiny light blue flowers in spring.


Mazus reptans
Blue Mazus
- A quick-spreading groundcover for sun or shade, mazus offers delicate blue flowers above a lush carpet of green for at least six weeks in spring.


Minuartia verna spp. Caespitosa 'Aurea'
Golden Irish Moss
- Golden moss-like foliage sports tiny white flowers in early summer on this super little groundcover. Although some sources list this as a plant for full sun, we have had better success when the plant receives at least partial shade.


Rubus calycinoides
Creeping Raspberry
- Wrinkled, lustrous dark green leaves slowly create an evergreen mat of color in the landscape that offers up small white flowers and red fruits. In autumn, foliage turns an attractive burgundy for the winter season. Beautiful mixed with burgundy sedum varieties in containers or spilling over walls or stones.


Sarcococca var. humilis
Groundcover Sweetbox
- The most cold-hardy of the sweetboxes, this one is terrific as a groundcover for areas not receiving full sun. Small white, deliciously fragrant blooms often begin in late February and their spicy prescence won't be missed even though they aren't overly showy. Plant is evergreen and slowly spreads by rhizome.


Sedum emarginatum 'Eco-Mt. Emei'
Eco-Mt. Emei Sedum
- This small-leaved sedum was found in China and is unique because it tolerates a broad range of conditions. Round, shiny-green leaves make an excellent groundcover-providing bronzy-red winter color. Flowers are bright yellow..


Sedum pinifloium 'Blue Spruce'
Blue Spruce Sedum
- This popular groundcover for dry spaces has attractive blue-gray foliage that reminds one of the spruce tree. Spreads easily to form a thick mat and sports bright yellow flowers in clusters in mid-summer. Great among stones or spilling over walls.


Selaginella kraussiana 'Aurea'
Golden Club Moss
- What a super highlight for the shade garden! Golden Club Moss isn't a true moss but spreads all summer with delicate fronds of chartreuse. Looks terrific planted near plants with burgundy or purple foliage or pink blooms.


Selaginella uncinata
Peacock Moss
- This relative to ferns and mosses will spread to form a lovely mat of deep green with fronds of irridescent blue in and overlay. The plant will form a dense mat in moist areas and its' exquisite color is so unusual that it will immediately attract notice.


Thymus herba-barona
Caraway Thyme
- This attractive creeping thyme has the fragrance and taste of caraway seeds. It is used to flavor both beef and cheese dishes. The tiny lavender flowers are an added attraction for this evergreen groundcover.


Thymus pseudolanuginosus
Wooly Thyme
- Best known for the fuzziness of its creeping foliage, wooly thyme does well in areas with excellent drainage, such as the rock garden. Pale pink flowers in mid-summer top the soft, densely woven mat…one you want to put in an area that you can easily touch.


Vaccinium macrocarpon
American Cranberry
- The American cranberry is quite handsome as a novelty evergreen groundcover. New growth is bronzy which turns into a deep green for summer. Tiny perfect, pale pink flowers in May and June give way to bright red cranberries in September and October. We recommend adding peat to the area when planting to increase acidity and hold additional water. Great as an underplant in a container (see the one in the herb garden).


Vinca minor Illumination
'Illumination' Vinca
- The best variegated vinca that we've seen, Illumination has a golden center with dark green margins. Periwinkle-blue flowers are lovely in spring. This is a great groundcover for lightening a dark area